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St Patrick's Cathedral 
 
United States

New York

St Bartholomew's Episcopal Church 

(St Bart’s)



St_Barts_Church,_New_York

 

Summary

Saint Bartholomew’s (St Barts’s) Church is the third Episcopal church since its foundation in 1835.  The current one being consecrated in 1918 but not being completed until 1930. The original design was changed in 1924 upon the death of the original architect.  The church is on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, a U.S. National Historic Landmark and a New York City Landmark and displays some beautiful carvings and stained-glass windows and contains one of the ten largest pipe organs in the world. 


 
Beginning its life as part of the Evangelical movement in the Episcopal Church St. Bartholomew, service started in a plain church at the corner of Great Jones Street and Lafayette Place.  Its growth initially was slow, but by 1872 St. Bartholomew’s was large and prosperous enough to build a new church at the southwest corner of Madison Avenue and 44th Street. The new church was designed by James Renwick, the architect of St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York, and was constructed between 1872 and 1876 the building was later embellished with a triple portal by Stanford White. 

It was from the Madison Avenue pulpit that in 1888 the Rector David H. Greer, inspired the parish to become a major force for social welfare in the city. During the enormous immigration of the late 19th century, St. Bartholomew’s large parish house on 42nd Street (built with the support of the Vanderbilt family), ministered to vast numbers of the newly arrived immigrants, who lived in the most appalling poverty.

St. Bartholomew’s also became a dominant force in both the musical life of the city and the wider church. Under the leadership of organist Richard Henry Warren (1859-1933), its choir was to become famous. In 1905 Leopold Stokowski (1882-1977), was recruited from London to become St. Bartholomew’s organist, he went on to direct its choir and was later to be one of the world’s greatest conductors. 

Over time, serious structural problems developed in the Madison Avenue building, so the parish commissioned Bertram Goodhue to design a new church on the east side of Park Avenue between 50th and 51st Streets, in Midtown Manhattan, St. Bartholomew's current Location. Built in the beginning of the 20th century St. Bartholomew's Church, is generally referred to as St. Bart's. 

Construction of the current church commenced in 1916 although the design was modified in order to incorporate the bronze doors from the Madison Avenue Church which depicted, in bas-relief panels, scenes from the Old and New Testaments and which were re-erected on the new site. 

The foundation stone was laid on the 1st May 1917 and construction progressed well enough to allow it to be consecrated in 1918 when the parish moved into the new building, which was built in the Romanesque style and provided a harmonious setting for the Stanford White portal which had been brought from the old building. The original design by Bertram Goodhue (1869-1924)  included a vast unified barrel-vaulted space without sides aisles or chapels and with reduced transepts.  The design underwent some changes after the death of Goodhue when Mayers, Murray and Philips became involved with the project. 

They changed a number of the planned features, originally the church was to have a spire, but this was changed to a tiled-patterned dome. 

 
St_Barts_Dome


Either side of the entrance to the church are Corinthian columns and statues decorating the sides with scenes depicting events relating to the saints and the bible.
 
St_Barts_Entrance

The doors depicting the scenes from the Old and New Testaments lead into the lobby. 


St_Barts_Door

St_Barts_Lobby2_1_




From the lobby, visitors enter the nave.
 
St_Barts_Nave


The church contains some beautiful stained-glass windows and mosaics by the New York artist Hildreth Meiere (1892-1961), and a marble baptismal font by Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770 – 1844), the Danish follower of Antonio Canova (1757- 1822). 


St_Barts_Font





St_Barts_Windows2



The Sanctus Window made in the 1940’s was a gift from the Vanderbilt family.  It is 24 feet in diameter and depicting the different types of angels.  
 
St_Barts_Windows



As funds and materials were available, the interior was decorated in the Byzantine style with major mosaics in the narthex and over the high altar.

In the nave can be found four stained glass windows designed by the American artist and designer and renowned muralist Hildreth Meiere (1892 – 1961). Meiere also created the five gold Art Deco mosaic domes using 24 karat gold leaf and glass found in the narthex and the Transfiguration located in the apse. Transfiguration located in the apse, which can be seen from the nave above the altar, depicts Christ flanked by Elijah and Moses, and accompanied by Peter, James and John.

 
St_Barts_Apse
At the end of the nave to the right and forward of the altar is the pulpit while off the nave is the book shop.

St_Barts_Pulpit_1_St_Barts_Gift_Shop


















 
St Bart’s is noted for its pipe organ which is the largest in New York and one of the ten largest in the world.                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

St_Barts_Dome_Organ_Pipes

With over 12,000 pipes these are located in various locations in the cathedral such as above the door by the entrance but also in the dome.  The last major rebuilding of the organ was completed in 1971.
 



In the 1920s, as the neighbourhood changed, immigration slowed and tenements gave way to apartment houses and offices, and the Parish House and clinic on 42nd Street were closed. The Community House, adjoining the church at 50th Street, was built during Rector Robert Norwood’s tenure (1925–32). A poet and prophet, Norwood was a dynamic preacher who brought large crowds to the church week after week and ministered to the growing number of young professionals flocking to the city.

The church was complete in 1930 at the cost of $5.4 million with one of the final tasks being the mosaics on the walls of the apse depicting the transfiguration.

The church also contains a community centre, a gymnasium, a restaurant and a Book store which is located in the Narthex (lobby) of the church.

St Bart’s Church and Community House was designated a landmark by the New York Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1967.  The church is also on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places and a U.S. National Historic.


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Copyright - All  Photographs copyright Ron Gatepain

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